MC2.0 logo

MC 2.0

Mass customization (MC) is a new PhotoVoltaic (PV) manufacturing concept based on cleverly designed semi-fabricates

Mass Customization (MC) is a new PhotoVoltaic (PV) manufacturing concept based on cleverly designed semi-fabricates


The MC2.0-project will demonstrate how automated manufacturing of Integrated PV (IPV) elements using the mass customization approach can deliver a cost breakthrough in IPV facades, IPV windows and IPV roofs.


In the past 25 years, many integrated photovoltaics (IPV) products have been introduced and demonstrated. Mostly Building Integrated (so-called BIPV) products, but more recently also Infrastructure (IIPV) and Vehicle (VIPV) products. However, large scale deployment and massive market adoption of these technologies and products have not yet taken place.

We are at the brink of a huge scale-up and capacity build-up of PV in Europe, that will have a large effect on our living environment. Therefore, it is now urgent and essential that IPV products become widely available and affordable. This is important (1) to generate solar electricity where the demand is (in the built environment) and (2) to enable multifunctional use of area and space in the built environment.

Several parties in the MC2.0 consortium have more than 20 years of experience in IPV development and as such have been involved in many earlier projects and studies. We believe that the number one barrier for large scale market uptake of IPV is the high cost. Other – secondary but also important – barriers are immature sector cooperation and certification issues.

The overarching ambition of the MC2.0 project is to demonstrate a cost breakthrough for IPV by means of an advanced manufacturing approach, referred to as “mass customization”. In coherence with this approach, we will contribute to solving the other identified barriers.

To realize this ambition, the MC2.0 consortium brings together experts and companies on materials for PV laminates (including PV cells), on manufacturing of PV laminates, on manufacturing of IPV products and on market and application of IPV products.






Photography: Bart van Overbeeke

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 10109613

Cost Modeling in MC2.0 
In December, the first deliverables for WP3 were submitted. One of the deliverables was not a report but a cost calculation model for forecasting production costs. The submitted model is a public version of TNO’s CostInsight, a validated model developed and utilized for calculating low MRL production processes of solar modules and thin-film electronics.  Cost...
Meet our partner Andreas Zimmermann from Sunplugged
Sunplugged develops a flexible, made-to-measure thin-film photovoltaic material. Sunplugged´s photovoltaic foil is based on a couple of proprietary technologies ranging from a robust, yet very flexible base material (the substrate) a high efficient thin-film solar cell and a printed interconnection. The printed interconnection enables the production of fully customized and ultra-lightweight photovoltaic modules. Sunplugged currently...
Meet our partner Mirjam Theelen from TNO
Mirjam Theelen is senior researcher at TNO, working on PV reliability and sustainability, In the MC2.0 project she focuses on Product Level Circularity Metric. What’s your role in #mc2dot0? Within MC2.0, I am focusing on the sustainability of integrated solar solutions. In general, the combination of functions has a positive impact on the environmental impact...